هل تريد إنشاء محطة FlightAware PiAware ADS-B أرضية خاصة بك؟

يمكنك الآن إنشاء وتشغيل محطة ADS-B أرضية خاصة بك يمكن تركيبها في أي مكان والحصول على بيانات لحظية من الطائرات مباشرةً على حاسوبك.

يمكن لمحطتك الأرضية أن تُشغِّل برنامج PiAware الخاص بـFlightAware لتتبع الرحلات الجوية في نطاق 100-300 miles (خط الرؤية، نطاق التغطية حسب تركيب الهوائي) وسوف ترسل المحطة البيانات تلقائيا إلى FlightAware. يُمكنك أن تتبع الرحلات الجوية مباشرةً من جهاز PiAware الخاص بك أو عبر FlightAware.com.

إن المستخدمين الذين يرسلون بيانات ADS-B إلى FlightAware سوف يشاهدون بيانات مباشرة (غير مؤجلة)، وسوف يُسلَّط الضوء على بياناتهم في سجلات التتبع الخاصة بـ FlightAware، وسوف يرون معلومات إضافية عن ADS-B من مكان آخر، وسوف يتلقون %1 مخصصة ومزيدا من المعلومات عن مواقع ADS-B حول العالم.

  • Live data on flightaware.com (subject to standard data processing delay of up to two minutes)
  • Access to up-to-the-second live data received by the local device (accessible from the stats page with a local network connection)
  • Data from local device highlighted on FlightAware track logs
  • Detailed statistics on site performance
  • A free Enterprise Account (بقيمة 89.95 دولار في الشهر)

البداية سريعة وسهلة!

عند اتباع الإرشادات الواردة أدناه، يُفترض أن تستغرق العملية 2 ساعة ساعات تقريباً، وتبلغ تكلفة الأجزاء نحو 100 دولار/80 يورو.

هل برنامج dump1090 ‏‏قيد التشغيل بالفعل على جهاز راسبيري باي؟

عرض صفحة تثبيت PiAware لتثبيت أحدث إصدار على Pi.
FlightAware PiAware: Skyview ADS-B software web interface
1قائمة تسوق PiAware

To build a PiAware, you must obtain the following components:

  1. Raspberry Pi 3
    • Raspberry Pi 2 can be used but a USB Wi-Fi adapter will be needed to connect to the internet wirelessly
    • Raspberry Pi Zero W can also be used
  2. Power supply for the Raspberry Pi
    • إننا نوصي باستخدام مصدر كهرباء بقوة %1.
  3. Micro SD Card (size: 8 GB or larger)
  4. Micro SD card reader
    • نوصيك باستخدام بطاقة microSD %1 أو أكبر. إذا لم يكن حاسوبك يحتوي على قارئ/ كاتب بطاقات SD مدمج، فسوف تحتاج إلى قارئ/كاتب بطاقات USB SD اختياري.
  5. USB SDR ADS-B Receiver (FlightAware Pro Stick or Pro Stick Plus recommended)
    • The USB SDR (Software Defined Radio) ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) receiver translates the 1090 MHz radio signal into something the computer can understand
    • Hint: If you are choosing between the FlightAware Pro Stick and the Pro Stick Plus remember the Plus has an on-board filter that works well in locations that have a lot of radio noise, such as urban environments.
  6. 1090 MHz Antenna
    • An indoor antenna can be purchased to start. If using the FlightAware USB adapter be sure the antenna has an SMA connector.
    • If you use a telescoping mast antenna be sure to collapse it to a quarter wavelength of 1090 MHz (6.9 cm) to maximize reception.
Additionally, you can choose to purchase or find the following items but they are not required.
  • Micro SD Card pre-loaded with PiAware
    • Skip the step to program the micro SD card
  • Raspberry Pi Case
    • Protect the Raspberry Pi from shorts
  • Ethernet Cable
    • This is needed if not using Wi-Fi
  • 1090 MHz Signal Filter
    • If you live in an urban environment or a location that has a lot of radio noise this will help filter out that excess signal
  • 200 joules Surge Suppressor
    • The Raspberry Pi is vulnerable to voltage spikes so consider a surge protector to prevent damage.
    • If you are in an area known for high voltage spikes consider an 800 joules surge protector

الأجزاء اللازمة لإعداد مربع PiAware متوفرة في كل مكان في العالم، ولكن الباعة والتوافر يختلفان حسب البلد. وتوجد أدناه قائمة تسوق مع روابط مفيدة للشراء في United States؛ يُرجى أخبرنا على منتديات المناقشات الخاصة بنا إذا وجدت باعة أفضل في بلدك. أما إذا لم تجد، فيُرجى الاطلاع على هذه التعليمات البديلة:

Argentina | Australia | Canada | Germany | France | India | Mexico | Norway | People's Republic of China | Russia | South Africa | South Korea | Thailand | Turkey | United Kingdom | United States

  • مطلوب
  • Optional
  • 2تثبيت PiAware على بطاقة SD

    Correct Drive
    Be sure to choose the correct drive to install the image
    نظام Windows
    1. تنزيل PiAware on Raspbian Linux 3.5.0 ZIP (320MB) وحفظ الملف على حاسوبك.
      • Clicking on the link will automatically download the file into the download folder.
    2. Go to https://etcher.io/ download the SD card writer (approx 80MB) and follow the directions to install the program.
      • Information on your Windows operating system can be found under: Control Panel\\All Control Panel Items\\System. View the Control Panel with small icons to see all the Control Panel options.
      • Control Panel -> All Control Panel Items -> System
    3. Open Etcher.
      • Etcher may need to be run as administrator (right-click, \"Run as Administrator\").
      • Windows 'Run as Administrator'
    4. Select the PiAware zip file.
    5. Select the correct Micro SD card USB drive carefully, the process will overwrite any data on the drive and people have lost years worth of pictures accidentally. Consider removing external hard drives and other devices to avoid accidentally overwriting the data.
      • Confirm the drive on the 'My Computer' screen. The below image shows the micro SD card as 'Removable Disk F:'.
      • Etcher Icon
    6. Once you are sure the correct drive is chosen press 'Flash!'.
    7. After PiAware is installed Etcher should automatically eject the SD card, if not manually eject the SD card and remove from the computer.
    8. Etcher Flash Complete
    نظام التشغيل Mac OS X
    1. تنزيل PiAware on Raspbian Linux 3.5.0 ZIP (320MB) وحفظ الملف على حاسوبك.
      • Clicking on the link will automatically download the file into the download folder.
    2. Go to https://etcher.io/ download the SD card writer (approx 80MB) and follow the directions to install the program.
    3. Etcher download
    4. Open Etcher.
      • The program may need to be run as administrator (control+open application)
      Etcher Icon
    5. Select the PiAware zip file.
    6. Select the correct Micro SD card USB drive carefully, the process will overwrite any data on the drive and people have lost years worth of pictures accidentally. Consider removing external hard drives and other devices to avoid accidentally overwriting the data.
      • Confirm the drive on the 'Finder' screen. The below image shows the micro SD card as 'NO NAME'.
      • NO NAME
      • Administrative privileges on the computer will be needed, sign into an administrative account if a prompt appears.
    7. Once you are sure the correct drive is chosen press 'Flash!'.
    8. After PiAware is installed Etcher should automatically eject the SD card, if not manually eject the SD card and remove from the computer.
    9. Etcher Flash Complete

    3Optional: Enable Wi-Fi

    If on board Wi-Fi or a USB adapter will be used to connect to the internet you will need to edit the configuration file. Etcher will automatically eject the Micro SD card after formatting, physically remove the Micro SD card or USB adapter and plug it back into the computer to edit the configuration file.

    The configuration file allows the user to configure and set the following

    • Wired network
    • Wireless (WiFi) network
      • PiAware supports unencrypted networks or WPA/WPA2 encrypted networks; WEP is not supported
    • Automatic or manual updates*
    • Multilateration (MLAT) output*
    • Receiver type (RTL-SDR, Beast, Radarcape or other Mode S/ADS-B source)
    • RTL-SDR gain, PPM and device index
    • * indicates a setting that can be configured on the site's statistics page. For full configuration options see advanced configuration
    Configuration File Format

    The configuration file is a simple plain text format file.

    Lines beginning with a “#” are comment lines and are ignored. Blank lines are also ignored. All other lines specify configuration settings.

    نظام Windows
    1. Open the Explorer program
    2. Select the Micro SD card device labeled piaware
    3. Open the file labeled piaware-config.txt
    4. The file will open in Notepad
    نظام التشغيل Mac OS X
    1. Open the Finder program
    2. Select the Micro SD card device labeled piaware
    3. Open the file labeled piaware-config.txt
    4. The file will open in TextEdit

    Below is the text file opened, instructions to enable Wi-Fi are in BOLD.

    
    #
    # This file configures the Piaware sdcard image
    # configuration. Whenever the system boots, this
    # file is read and its contents are used to
    # configure the system.
    #
    # Lines beginning with a '#' are comment lines
    # and are ignored. Blank lines are also ignored.
    # All other lines specify configuration settings.
    #
    
    #
    # WIRED NETWORK CONFIGURATION
    #
    # Should piaware use the wired ethernet port
    # for network access?
    wired-network yes
    
    # Wired network configuration:
    # Most networks will use DHCP
    wired-type dhcp
    
    # Alternatively, a static address configuration
    # can be provided; set "wired-type" to static to use this.
    wired-address 192.168.1.10
    wired-netmask 255.255.255.0
    wired-broadcast 192.168.1.255
    wired-gateway 192.168.1.254
    wired-nameservers 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4
    
    #
    # WIRELESS NETWORK CONFIGURATION
    #
    
    # Should piaware use a wifi adaptor
    # for network access? You will need to attach
    # a supported USB wifi adaptor for this to work.
    
    # change this to "yes" to enable wifi
    wireless-network yes
    
    # Wifi SSID and password.
    # This should be changed to match your wireless
    # network SSID and, for networks that require
    # a passphrase, the passphrase.
    wireless-ssid MyWifiNetwork <-----replace MyWifiNetwork with the name of your WiFi (aka the SSID of your local network)
    wireless-password s3cr3t <-----replace s3cr3t with the password to your WiFi
    
    # Wifi network configuration:
    # Most networks will use DHCP
    wireless-type dhcp
    
    # Alternatively, a static address configuration
    # can be provided; set "wireless-type" to static to use this.
    wireless-address 192.168.1.10
    wireless-netmask 255.255.255.0
    wireless-broadcast 192.168.1.255
    wireless-gateway 192.168.1.254
    wireless-nameservers 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4
    
    
    نظام Windows
    1. Once the file has been edited save and close Notepad
    2. Eject the Micro SD card either in My Computer by right clicking and selecting Eject
    3. piaware eject Windows 7
    4. A pop-up should appear stating it is OK to remove the SD card
    5. Windows SD card safe to remove
    نظام التشغيل Mac OS X
    1. Once the file has been edited save and close TextEdit
    2. Eject the Micro SD card either in Finder using the eject icon
    3. piaware eject button MAC

    4بدء تشغيل جهاز PiAware

    1. ضع بطاقة SD (بعد تثبيت PiAware) في جهاز راسبيري باي.
    2. Micro SD card in Pi
    3. Optional: Put the case on the Raspberry Pi.
    4. Plug the USB SDR ADS-B receiver into the Raspberry Pi.
    5. RTL-SDR connected to Raspberry Pi
    6. صل بإحكام كبل الهوائي بدونجل USB ADS-B.
    7. Antenna connected to USB SDR ADS-B receiver
    8. Plug the ethernet (internet) cable in. (If using WiFi skip this step)
    9. Plug the power into your Raspberry Pi.
    10. Raspberry Pi connected to power and an antenna
    11. يُفترض أن ترى مؤشراً ضوئياً أحمر ثابتاً ومؤشراً ضوئياً أخضر وامضاً في جهاز راسبيري باي، إضافةً إلى مؤشر ضوئي أصفر وآخر أخضر بجوار مقبس شبكة الإثرنت.
    12. Raspberry Pi LEDs

    5المطالبة بعميل برنامج PiAware الخاص بك على FlightAware.com

    يجب عليك أن تنتظر لمدة أربع أو خمس دقائق تقريبا لكي يبدأ جهاز PiAware وبعد ذلك يمكنك ربط حساب FlightAware بجهاز PiAware لتحصل على جميع المزايا.

    ما إن يصبح الجهاز قيد التشغيل، يرجى:

    Look up the IP address in your router admin and go to the assigned IP address in a browser on the same network. If the device hasn't been claimed a link to claim the PiAware device will display.

    Or

    المطالبة بعميل برنامج PiAware الخاص بك على FlightAware.com

    If after 5 minutes your device hasn't displayed as claimed try restarting the device, if that still doesn't work re-confirm the Wi-Fi settings (if using Wi-Fi) are correct. Lastly contact us at ADSBsupport@FlightAware.com. Check your stats page (link below) to confirm it was claimed.

    FlightAware PiAware: Claim PiAware via Status

    6عرض إحصائيات ADS-B

    1. عرض إحصائيات جهاز ADS-B عبر: https://ar.flightaware.com/adsb/stats
      • ستبدأ FlightAware في معالجة بياناتك فوراً، وسوف تُعرض إحصاءاتك في غضون 30 دقيقة.
    2. Configure your location and antenna height on your statistics page by clicking on the gear icon located to the right of the Site name.
      • Multilateration, also known as MLAT, functions by pinpointing the location of an aircraft by knowing the locations of sites that received messages from the aircraft.
    3. The FlightAware stats page will also tell you the local IP of your device and provide a link for direct connection. This is where you can find a link to SkyView, a web portal for viewing flights the receiver is picking up messages from on a map.
    FlightAware PiAware: Skyview ADS-B software web interface

    7تم بنجاح!

    تذكر أن الإشارات القادمة من الطائرات لا تخترق الأشياء، لذلك يجب أن يكون الهوائي على "خط مستقيم" مع السماء ولا يفصله عنها أي عوائق. وفي الأوضاع المثلى، التي يكون فيها الهوائي مثبتا في الهواء الطلق فوق السطح، يكون المدى أكثر من 250 ميل / 400 كم.

    استمتع باستخدام PiAware واستخدام FlightAware مع ميزات إضافية لا يتمتع بها سوى الذين يرسلون بيانات ADS-B مثلك. يرجى الاطلاع على منتديات المناقشة لمشاركة تجاربك أو لمعرفة المزيد.

    8خطوات اختيارية للإعداد المتقدم

    تسجيل الدخول

    ليس لديك حساب؟ سجل الآن (مجانا) لتستمع بمميزات مخصصة، وتنبيهات الرحلات، وغير ذلك الكثير!